INNOSCORECARD

Overview of innovation scorecard

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Country informative tool


Comparison of indicators data of selected country with the BM and EU average



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Country innovation scorecard relative to the averages of the EU28 and BalkanMed performance

Change of the performance of the composite indicators

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Overview

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Composite Indicator Indicators Countrys Years Absolute Valuess Normalised Scoress Performance Relative To Eu In 2010s
Summary Innovation Index Summary Innovation Index EU28 2011 0.482 100
Summary Innovation Index Summary Innovation Index EU28 2012 0.478 99.153
Summary Innovation Index Summary Innovation Index EU28 2013 0.483 100.229
Summary Innovation Index Summary Innovation Index EU28 2014 0.482 99.872
Summary Innovation Index Summary Innovation Index EU28 2015 0.49 101.609
Summary Innovation Index Summary Innovation Index EU28 2016 0.503 104.396
Summary Innovation Index Summary Innovation Index EU28 2017 0.513 106.332
Summary Innovation Index Summary Innovation Index EU28 2018 0.525 108.823
1.1 Human resources 1.1 HUMAN RESOURCES EU28 2009 100.477
1.1 Human resources 1.1 HUMAN RESOURCES EU28 2010 100
1.1 Human resources 1.1 HUMAN RESOURCES EU28 2011 0.38 100
1.1 Human resources 1.1 HUMAN RESOURCES EU28 2012 0.38 100
1.1 Human resources 1.1 HUMAN RESOURCES EU28 2013 0.409 107.518
1.1 Human resources 1.1 HUMAN RESOURCES EU28 2014 0.423 111.249
1.1 Human resources 1.1 HUMAN RESOURCES EU28 2015 0.43 113.165
1.1 Human resources 1.1 HUMAN RESOURCES EU28 2016 0.439 115.54
1.1 Human resources 1.1 HUMAN RESOURCES EU28 2017 0.455 119.812
1.1 Human resources 1.1 HUMAN RESOURCES EU28 2018 0.465 122.259
1.1 Human resources 1.1.1 New doctorate graduates per 1000 population aged 25-34 EU28 2009 1.6 0.46 107.692
1.1 Human resources 1.1.1 New doctorate graduates per 1000 population aged 25-34 EU28 2010 1.5 0.427 100
1.1 Human resources 1.1.1 New doctorate graduates per 1000 population aged 25-34 EU28 2011 1.5 0.371 100
1.1 Human resources 1.1.1 New doctorate graduates per 1000 population aged 25-34 EU28 2012 1.5 0.371 100
1.1 Human resources 1.1.1 New doctorate graduates per 1000 population aged 25-34 EU28 2013 1.8 0.457 123.077
1.1 Human resources 1.1.1 New doctorate graduates per 1000 population aged 25-34 EU28 2014 1.949 0.5 134.527
1.1 Human resources 1.1.1 New doctorate graduates per 1000 population aged 25-34 EU28 2015 1.938 0.497 133.71
1.1 Human resources 1.1.1 New doctorate graduates per 1000 population aged 25-34 EU28 2016 2.015 0.518 139.589
1.1 Human resources 1.1.1 New doctorate graduates per 1000 population aged 25-34 EU28 2017 2.087 0.539 145.189
1.1 Human resources 1.1.1 New doctorate graduates per 1000 population aged 25-34 EU28 2018 2.087 0.539 145.189
1.1 Human resources 1.1.2 Population aged 25-34 having completed tertiary education (percentage share) EU28 2009 32.3 0.386 93.421
1.1 Human resources 1.1.2 Population aged 25-34 having completed tertiary education (percentage share) EU28 2010 33.3 0.413 100
1.1 Human resources 1.1.2 Population aged 25-34 having completed tertiary education (percentage share) EU28 2011 37.2 0.404 100
1.1 Human resources 1.1.2 Population aged 25-34 having completed tertiary education (percentage share) EU28 2012 37.2 0.404 100
1.1 Human resources 1.1.2 Population aged 25-34 having completed tertiary education (percentage share) EU28 2013 37.2 0.404 100
1.1 Human resources 1.1.2 Population aged 25-34 having completed tertiary education (percentage share) EU28 2014 37.2 0.404 100
1.1 Human resources 1.1.2 Population aged 25-34 having completed tertiary education (percentage share) EU28 2015 37.9 0.425 105.224
1.1 Human resources 1.1.2 Population aged 25-34 having completed tertiary education (percentage share) EU28 2016 38.2 0.434 107.463
1.1 Human resources 1.1.2 Population aged 25-34 having completed tertiary education (percentage share) EU28 2017 39 0.458 113.433
1.1 Human resources 1.1.2 Population aged 25-34 having completed tertiary education (percentage share) EU28 2018 39.8 0.482 119.403
1.1 Human resources 1.1.3 Population aged 25-64 involved in lifelong learning (percentage share) EU28 2009 10.7 0.353 100
1.1 Human resources 1.1.3 Population aged 25-64 involved in lifelong learning (percentage share) EU28 2010 10.7 0.353 100
1.1 Human resources 1.1.3 Population aged 25-64 involved in lifelong learning (percentage share) EU28 2011 10.7 0.365 100
1.1 Human resources 1.1.3 Population aged 25-64 involved in lifelong learning (percentage share) EU28 2012 10.7 0.365 100
1.1 Human resources 1.1.3 Population aged 25-64 involved in lifelong learning (percentage share) EU28 2013 10.7 0.365 100
1.1 Human resources 1.1.3 Population aged 25-64 involved in lifelong learning (percentage share) EU28 2014 10.7 0.365 100
1.1 Human resources 1.1.3 Population aged 25-64 involved in lifelong learning (percentage share) EU28 2015 10.8 0.369 101.042
1.1 Human resources 1.1.3 Population aged 25-64 involved in lifelong learning (percentage share) EU28 2016 10.7 0.365 100
1.1 Human resources 1.1.3 Population aged 25-64 involved in lifelong learning (percentage share) EU28 2017 10.8 0.369 101.042
1.1 Human resources 1.1.3 Population aged 25-64 involved in lifelong learning (percentage share) EU28 2018 10.9 0.373 102.083
1.2 Attractive research systems 1.2 ATTRACTIVE RESEARCH SYSTEMS EU28 2009 97.951
1.2 Attractive research systems 1.2 ATTRACTIVE RESEARCH SYSTEMS EU28 2010 100
1.2 Attractive research systems 1.2 ATTRACTIVE RESEARCH SYSTEMS EU28 2011 0.42 100
1.2 Attractive research systems 1.2 ATTRACTIVE RESEARCH SYSTEMS EU28 2012 0.433 103.092
1.2 Attractive research systems 1.2 ATTRACTIVE RESEARCH SYSTEMS EU28 2013 0.446 106.239
1.2 Attractive research systems 1.2 ATTRACTIVE RESEARCH SYSTEMS EU28 2014 0.441 104.92
1.2 Attractive research systems 1.2 ATTRACTIVE RESEARCH SYSTEMS EU28 2015 0.446 106.33
1.2 Attractive research systems 1.2 ATTRACTIVE RESEARCH SYSTEMS EU28 2016 0.46 109.481
1.2 Attractive research systems 1.2 ATTRACTIVE RESEARCH SYSTEMS EU28 2017 0.472 112.388
1.2 Attractive research systems 1.2 ATTRACTIVE RESEARCH SYSTEMS EU28 2018 0.473 112.621
1.2 Attractive research systems 1.2.1 International scientific co-publications per million population EU28 2009 315.248 0.143 93.05
1.2 Attractive research systems 1.2.1 International scientific co-publications per million population EU28 2010 335.536 0.154 100
1.2 Attractive research systems 1.2.1 International scientific co-publications per million population EU28 2011 757.546 0.259 100
1.2 Attractive research systems 1.2.1 International scientific co-publications per million population EU28 2012 821.973 0.284 109.357
1.2 Attractive research systems 1.2.1 International scientific co-publications per million population EU28 2013 875.074 0.304 117.069
1.2 Attractive research systems 1.2.1 International scientific co-publications per million population EU28 2014 933.295 0.326 125.524
1.2 Attractive research systems 1.2.1 International scientific co-publications per million population EU28 2015 969.58 0.339 130.794
1.2 Attractive research systems 1.2.1 International scientific co-publications per million population EU28 2016 1016.551 0.357 137.616
1.2 Attractive research systems 1.2.1 International scientific co-publications per million population EU28 2017 1051.123 0.37 142.637
1.2 Attractive research systems 1.2.1 International scientific co-publications per million population EU28 2018 1070.387 0.377 145.435
1.2 Attractive research systems 1.2.2 Scientific publications among the top 10% most cited publications worldwide (percentage of total scientific publications of the country) EU28 2009 10.176 0.619 99.067
1.2 Attractive research systems 1.2.2 Scientific publications among the top 10% most cited publications worldwide (percentage of total scientific publications of the country) EU28 2010 10.256 0.625 100
1.2 Attractive research systems 1.2.2 Scientific publications among the top 10% most cited publications worldwide (percentage of total scientific publications of the country) EU28 2011 10.596 0.611 100
1.2 Attractive research systems 1.2.2 Scientific publications among the top 10% most cited publications worldwide (percentage of total scientific publications of the country) EU28 2012 10.814 0.626 102.401
1.2 Attractive research systems 1.2.2 Scientific publications among the top 10% most cited publications worldwide (percentage of total scientific publications of the country) EU28 2013 10.928 0.634 103.664
1.2 Attractive research systems 1.2.2 Scientific publications among the top 10% most cited publications worldwide (percentage of total scientific publications of the country) EU28 2014 11.098 0.645 105.538
1.2 Attractive research systems 1.2.2 Scientific publications among the top 10% most cited publications worldwide (percentage of total scientific publications of the country) EU28 2015 11.206 0.653 106.735
1.2 Attractive research systems 1.2.2 Scientific publications among the top 10% most cited publications worldwide (percentage of total scientific publications of the country) EU28 2016 11.231 0.654 107.009
1.2 Attractive research systems 1.2.2 Scientific publications among the top 10% most cited publications worldwide (percentage of total scientific publications of the country) EU28 2017 11.321 0.66 108.005
1.2 Attractive research systems 1.2.2 Scientific publications among the top 10% most cited publications worldwide (percentage of total scientific publications of the country) EU28 2018 11.458 0.67 109.52
1.2 Attractive research systems 1.2.3 Foreign doctorate students (percentage of all doctorate students) EU28 2009 23.114 0.424 98.085
1.2 Attractive research systems 1.2.3 Foreign doctorate students (percentage of all doctorate students) EU28 2010 23.561 0.432 100
1.2 Attractive research systems 1.2.3 Foreign doctorate students (percentage of all doctorate students) EU28 2011 21.227 0.389 100
1.2 Attractive research systems 1.2.3 Foreign doctorate students (percentage of all doctorate students) EU28 2012 21.227 0.389 100
1.2 Attractive research systems 1.2.3 Foreign doctorate students (percentage of all doctorate students) EU28 2013 21.872 0.401 103.067
1.2 Attractive research systems 1.2.3 Foreign doctorate students (percentage of all doctorate students) EU28 2014 19.169 0.351 90.213
1.2 Attractive research systems 1.2.3 Foreign doctorate students (percentage of all doctorate students) EU28 2015 18.995 0.348 89.384
1.2 Attractive research systems 1.2.3 Foreign doctorate students (percentage of all doctorate students) EU28 2016 20.094 0.368 94.61
1.2 Attractive research systems 1.2.3 Foreign doctorate students (percentage of all doctorate students) EU28 2017 21.04 0.386 99.109
1.2 Attractive research systems 1.2.3 Foreign doctorate students (percentage of all doctorate students) EU28 2018 20.306 0.372 95.619
1.3 Innovation-friendly environment 1.3 INNOVATION-FRIENDLY ENVIRONMENT EU28 2009 107.385
1.3 Innovation-friendly environment 1.3 INNOVATION-FRIENDLY ENVIRONMENT EU28 2010 100
1.3 Innovation-friendly environment 1.3 INNOVATION-FRIENDLY ENVIRONMENT EU28 2011 0.347 100
1.3 Innovation-friendly environment 1.3 INNOVATION-FRIENDLY ENVIRONMENT EU28 2012 0.347 100
1.3 Innovation-friendly environment 1.3 INNOVATION-FRIENDLY ENVIRONMENT EU28 2013 0.34 97.884
1.3 Innovation-friendly environment 1.3 INNOVATION-FRIENDLY ENVIRONMENT EU28 2014 0.34 97.921
1.3 Innovation-friendly environment 1.3 INNOVATION-FRIENDLY ENVIRONMENT EU28 2015 0.363 104.657
1.3 Innovation-friendly environment 1.3 INNOVATION-FRIENDLY ENVIRONMENT EU28 2016 0.418 120.395
1.3 Innovation-friendly environment 1.3 INNOVATION-FRIENDLY ENVIRONMENT EU28 2017 0.503 144.902
1.3 Innovation-friendly environment 1.3 INNOVATION-FRIENDLY ENVIRONMENT EU28 2018 0.549 158.062
1.3 Innovation-friendly environment 1.3.1 Broadband penetration EU28 2009 9 0.36 100
1.3 Innovation-friendly environment 1.3.1 Broadband penetration EU28 2010 9 0.36 100
1.3 Innovation-friendly environment 1.3.1 Broadband penetration EU28 2011 9 0.281 100
1.3 Innovation-friendly environment 1.3.1 Broadband penetration EU28 2012 9 0.281 100
1.3 Innovation-friendly environment 1.3.1 Broadband penetration EU28 2013 9 0.281 100
1.3 Innovation-friendly environment 1.3.1 Broadband penetration EU28 2014 9 0.281 100
1.3 Innovation-friendly environment 1.3.1 Broadband penetration EU28 2015 10 0.313 111.111
1.3 Innovation-friendly environment 1.3.1 Broadband penetration EU28 2016 12 0.375 133.333
1.3 Innovation-friendly environment 1.3.1 Broadband penetration EU28 2017 16 0.5 177.778
1.3 Innovation-friendly environment 1.3.1 Broadband penetration EU28 2018 18 0.563 200
1.3 Innovation-friendly environment 1.3.2 Opportunity-driven entrepreneurship EU28 2009 4.139 0.574 112.598
1.3 Innovation-friendly environment 1.3.2 Opportunity-driven entrepreneurship EU28 2010 3.48 0.51 100
1.3 Innovation-friendly environment 1.3.2 Opportunity-driven entrepreneurship EU28 2011 2.617 0.413 100
1.3 Innovation-friendly environment 1.3.2 Opportunity-driven entrepreneurship EU28 2012 2.617 0.413 100
1.3 Innovation-friendly environment 1.3.2 Opportunity-driven entrepreneurship EU28 2013 2.508 0.398 96.443
1.3 Innovation-friendly environment 1.3.2 Opportunity-driven entrepreneurship EU28 2014 2.51 0.398 96.505
1.3 Innovation-friendly environment 1.3.2 Opportunity-driven entrepreneurship EU28 2015 2.625 0.414 100.262
1.3 Innovation-friendly environment 1.3.2 Opportunity-driven entrepreneurship EU28 2016 2.985 0.461 111.583
1.3 Innovation-friendly environment 1.3.2 Opportunity-driven entrepreneurship EU28 2017 3.355 0.506 122.509
1.3 Innovation-friendly environment 1.3.2 Opportunity-driven entrepreneurship EU28 2018 3.602 0.535 129.498
2.1 Finance and support 2.1 FINANCE AND SUPPORT EU28 2009 94.052
2.1 Finance and support 2.1 FINANCE AND SUPPORT EU28 2010 100
2.1 Finance and support 2.1 FINANCE AND SUPPORT EU28 2011 0.57 100
2.1 Finance and support 2.1 FINANCE AND SUPPORT EU28 2012 0.556 97.568
2.1 Finance and support 2.1 FINANCE AND SUPPORT EU28 2013 0.551 96.687
2.1 Finance and support 2.1 FINANCE AND SUPPORT EU28 2014 0.558 97.927
2.1 Finance and support 2.1 FINANCE AND SUPPORT EU28 2015 0.584 102.455
2.1 Finance and support 2.1 FINANCE AND SUPPORT EU28 2016 0.613 107.486
2.1 Finance and support 2.1 FINANCE AND SUPPORT EU28 2017 0.624 109.4
2.1 Finance and support 2.1 FINANCE AND SUPPORT EU28 2018 0.624 109.354
2.1 Finance and support 2.1.1 R&D expenditure in the public sector (percentage of GDP) EU28 2009 0.66 0.563 89.339
2.1 Finance and support 2.1.1 R&D expenditure in the public sector (percentage of GDP) EU28 2010 0.72 0.63 100
2.1 Finance and support 2.1.1 R&D expenditure in the public sector (percentage of GDP) EU28 2011 0.72 0.619 100
2.1 Finance and support 2.1.1 R&D expenditure in the public sector (percentage of GDP) EU28 2012 0.71 0.607 98.132
2.1 Finance and support 2.1.1 R&D expenditure in the public sector (percentage of GDP) EU28 2013 0.72 0.619 100
2.1 Finance and support 2.1.1 R&D expenditure in the public sector (percentage of GDP) EU28 2014 0.72 0.619 100
2.1 Finance and support 2.1.1 R&D expenditure in the public sector (percentage of GDP) EU28 2015 0.71 0.607 98.132
2.1 Finance and support 2.1.1 R&D expenditure in the public sector (percentage of GDP) EU28 2016 0.71 0.607 98.132
2.1 Finance and support 2.1.1 R&D expenditure in the public sector (percentage of GDP) EU28 2017 0.69 0.584 94.397
2.1 Finance and support 2.1.1 R&D expenditure in the public sector (percentage of GDP) EU28 2018 0.68 0.572 92.53
2.1 Finance and support 2.1.2 Venture capital (percentage of GDP) EU28 2009 0.096 0.5 100
2.1 Finance and support 2.1.2 Venture capital (percentage of GDP) EU28 2010 0.096 0.5 100
2.1 Finance and support 2.1.2 Venture capital (percentage of GDP) EU28 2011 0.115 0.522 100
2.1 Finance and support 2.1.2 Venture capital (percentage of GDP) EU28 2012 0.111 0.506 96.898
2.1 Finance and support 2.1.2 Venture capital (percentage of GDP) EU28 2013 0.107 0.484 92.758
2.1 Finance and support 2.1.2 Venture capital (percentage of GDP) EU28 2014 0.11 0.498 95.469
2.1 Finance and support 2.1.2 Venture capital (percentage of GDP) EU28 2015 0.124 0.561 107.579
2.1 Finance and support 2.1.2 Venture capital (percentage of GDP) EU28 2016 0.136 0.619 118.575
2.1 Finance and support 2.1.2 Venture capital (percentage of GDP) EU28 2017 0.146 0.664 127.188
2.1 Finance and support 2.1.2 Venture capital (percentage of GDP) EU28 2018 0.149 0.675 129.301
2.2 Firm investments 2.2 FIRM INVESTMENTS EU28 2009 94.176
2.2 Firm investments 2.2 FIRM INVESTMENTS EU28 2010 100
2.2 Firm investments 2.2 FIRM INVESTMENTS EU28 2011 0.461 100
2.2 Firm investments 2.2 FIRM INVESTMENTS EU28 2012 0.442 95.903
2.2 Firm investments 2.2 FIRM INVESTMENTS EU28 2013 0.446 96.749
2.2 Firm investments 2.2 FIRM INVESTMENTS EU28 2014 0.479 103.946
2.2 Firm investments 2.2 FIRM INVESTMENTS EU28 2015 0.491 106.639
2.2 Firm investments 2.2 FIRM INVESTMENTS EU28 2016 0.516 111.998
2.2 Firm investments 2.2 FIRM INVESTMENTS EU28 2017 0.509 110.434
2.2 Firm investments 2.2 FIRM INVESTMENTS EU28 2018 0.549 119.217
2.2 Firm investments 2.2.1 R&D expenditure in the business sector (percentage of GDP) EU28 2009 1.16 0.448 97.424
2.2 Firm investments 2.2.1 R&D expenditure in the business sector (percentage of GDP) EU28 2010 1.19 0.46 100
2.2 Firm investments 2.2.1 R&D expenditure in the business sector (percentage of GDP) EU28 2011 1.19 0.454 100
2.2 Firm investments 2.2.1 R&D expenditure in the business sector (percentage of GDP) EU28 2012 1.24 0.474 104.291
2.2 Firm investments 2.2.1 R&D expenditure in the business sector (percentage of GDP) EU28 2013 1.27 0.485 106.866
2.2 Firm investments 2.2.1 R&D expenditure in the business sector (percentage of GDP) EU28 2014 1.28 0.489 107.725
2.2 Firm investments 2.2.1 R&D expenditure in the business sector (percentage of GDP) EU28 2015 1.3 0.497 109.441
2.2 Firm investments 2.2.1 R&D expenditure in the business sector (percentage of GDP) EU28 2016 1.31 0.501 110.299
2.2 Firm investments 2.2.1 R&D expenditure in the business sector (percentage of GDP) EU28 2017 1.33 0.509 112.016
2.2 Firm investments 2.2.1 R&D expenditure in the business sector (percentage of GDP) EU28 2018 1.36 0.52 114.591
2.2 Firm investments 2.2.2 Non-R&D innovation expenditures (percentage of turnover) EU28 2009 0.601 0.295 82.833
2.2 Firm investments 2.2.2 Non-R&D innovation expenditures (percentage of turnover) EU28 2010 0.704 0.356 100
2.2 Firm investments 2.2.2 Non-R&D innovation expenditures (percentage of turnover) EU28 2011 0.704 0.486 100
2.2 Firm investments 2.2.2 Non-R&D innovation expenditures (percentage of turnover) EU28 2012 0.574 0.41 84.35
2.2 Firm investments 2.2.2 Non-R&D innovation expenditures (percentage of turnover) EU28 2013 0.574 0.41 84.35
2.2 Firm investments 2.2.2 Non-R&D innovation expenditures (percentage of turnover) EU28 2014 0.686 0.476 97.949
2.2 Firm investments 2.2.2 Non-R&D innovation expenditures (percentage of turnover) EU28 2015 0.686 0.476 97.949
2.2 Firm investments 2.2.2 Non-R&D innovation expenditures (percentage of turnover) EU28 2016 0.76 0.517 106.326
2.2 Firm investments 2.2.2 Non-R&D innovation expenditures (percentage of turnover) EU28 2017 0.76 0.517 106.326
2.2 Firm investments 2.2.2 Non-R&D innovation expenditures (percentage of turnover) EU28 2018 0.857 0.568 116.779
2.2 Firm investments 2.2.3 Enterprises providing training to develop or upgrade ICT skills of their personnel (percentage of all enterprises) EU28 2009 19 0.438 100
2.2 Firm investments 2.2.3 Enterprises providing training to develop or upgrade ICT skills of their personnel (percentage of all enterprises) EU28 2010 19 0.438 100
2.2 Firm investments 2.2.3 Enterprises providing training to develop or upgrade ICT skills of their personnel (percentage of all enterprises) EU28 2011 19 0.441 100
2.2 Firm investments 2.2.3 Enterprises providing training to develop or upgrade ICT skills of their personnel (percentage of all enterprises) EU28 2012 19 0.441 100
2.2 Firm investments 2.2.3 Enterprises providing training to develop or upgrade ICT skills of their personnel (percentage of all enterprises) EU28 2013 19 0.441 100
2.2 Firm investments 2.2.3 Enterprises providing training to develop or upgrade ICT skills of their personnel (percentage of all enterprises) EU28 2014 20 0.471 106.667
2.2 Firm investments 2.2.3 Enterprises providing training to develop or upgrade ICT skills of their personnel (percentage of all enterprises) EU28 2015 21 0.5 113.333
2.2 Firm investments 2.2.3 Enterprises providing training to develop or upgrade ICT skills of their personnel (percentage of all enterprises) EU28 2016 22 0.529 120
2.2 Firm investments 2.2.3 Enterprises providing training to develop or upgrade ICT skills of their personnel (percentage of all enterprises) EU28 2017 21 0.5 113.333
2.2 Firm investments 2.2.3 Enterprises providing training to develop or upgrade ICT skills of their personnel (percentage of all enterprises) EU28 2018 23 0.559 126.667
3.1 Innovators 3.1 INNOVATORS EU28 2009 107.004
3.1 Innovators 3.1 INNOVATORS EU28 2010 100
3.1 Innovators 3.1 INNOVATORS EU28 2011 0.586 100
3.1 Innovators 3.1 INNOVATORS EU28 2012 0.586 99.911
3.1 Innovators 3.1 INNOVATORS EU28 2013 0.586 99.911
3.1 Innovators 3.1 INNOVATORS EU28 2014 0.515 87.819
3.1 Innovators 3.1 INNOVATORS EU28 2015 0.515 87.819
3.1 Innovators 3.1 INNOVATORS EU28 2016 0.509 86.851
3.1 Innovators 3.1 INNOVATORS EU28 2017 0.509 86.851
3.1 Innovators 3.1 INNOVATORS EU28 2018 0.532 90.825
3.1 Innovators 3.1.1 SMEs introducing product or process innovations (percentage of SMEs) EU28 2009 34.516 0.535 97.326
3.1 Innovators 3.1.1 SMEs introducing product or process innovations (percentage of SMEs) EU28 2010 35.138 0.55 100

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